Stem Cell Myths

Have you ever heard of stem cells? Maybe you have heard of stem cells but aren’t quite sure what they are, what they do, and how stem cell donors can save someone’s life.

This is the third blog post of a series about the need for stem cell donations –particularly from members of minority populations.

By the end of the stem cell blog series, you will be able to tell your friends and family about stem cells, what it means to be a donor, the facts about stem cell donation, and what to expect as a donor.

In the previous post , we learned more about what stem cells are.

Today we are going to go over the myths you may have heard about stem cells. Let's get the facts straight.

Myth #1: All stem cell donations involve surgery.

Not all stem cell donations involve surgery. There are two types of procedures: bone marrow or peripheral blood stem cell donation.

During bone marrow donation, the collection of stem cells is taken from the iliac crest (the curved edge at the top of the pelvic bone). The patient is under general anesthetic so the patient does not experience any pain.

The peripheral blood stem cell donation is a non-surgical procedure which does not require any anesthetic and should not cause any pain.

Myth #2: Stem cell donation is painful.

Stem cell donation should not be painful. A peripheral blood stem cell donation does not involve anesthetic whereas the bone marrow procedure will. For bone marrow donation, the donor does not experience any pain because of the anesthesia.

Myth #3: Stem cell donation involves a lengthy recovery.

Bone marrow donors may feel some soreness in their lower back for a few days. Most donors will be back to their normal activities within a few days.

Donors who do the peripheral blood stem cell donation may experience some side effects but will disappear after donating.

Myth #4: If I donate stem cells, they cannot be replaced.

This is false. The body naturally replaces stem cells within six weeks.

Myth #5: I come from a large family, so if I ever need a stem cell transplant, I should have no problem finding a match within my family.

False. Finding a match can be complicated.  Less than 25% of those in need can receive a transplant from someone in their own family.

Myth #6: Stem cell research is opposed by religious people.

Some religious people are against the research in embryonic stem cells. But, others believe that stem cell research has potential benefits and will reduce human suffering.

Myth #7: Stem cells only come from embryos.

This is false. Stem cells can be found in an adult's body in places like muscle tissue, organs, bone marrow and fat.

Myth #8: Bone marrow is the best source of stem cells.

This is false. Stem cells can be found in many different types of the body like muscle tissue, organs and fat.

Next time in the Stem Cell blog series, we will learn more about donor registries.



Community Conversations: Sister to Sister, a women's health initiative, is an an ongoing, open forum to explore health issues of particular relevance to Black women and their families. 

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