"I just feel consumed by this constant feeling of hopelessness."
"I can't sleep. I barely eat. I don't have any energy. Everything just feels so suspended."
"Nothing makes me happy anymore. Nothing. I don't feel like myself."
Experiencing feelings of sadness or disillusionment is a natural and unavoidable emotional experience. But what happens when sadness transcends from a fleeting emotional experience to one that characterizes your entire state of being for weeks or months on end? This feeling describes depression, a mood disorder characterized by feelings of sadness and loss of pleasure in things once found pleasurable (anhedonia). Other symptoms include difficulty concentrating, making decision, and remembering details, loss of energy, feelings of guilt, worthlessness, or hopelessness, irritability, overeating or loss of appetite, difficulty sleeping or insomnia, persistent aches or pains, and thoughts of suicide.
Some common types of Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) and Persistent Depressive Disorder (PDD), and Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD). Maternal Depression, a common type that occurs in expecting and new mothers, will be discussed in more detail in another part of the Depression Series.
MDD: An individual is diagnosed with MDD if he or she exhibits five or more of the above mentioned symptoms for most days for 2 weeks or more. At least one of the symptoms must be a depressed mood or loss of interest in activities.
PDD: An individual is diagnosed with PDD if they experience a mild form of depression that lasts for two years or more.
SAD: This form of depression typically occurs during the winter months , when the days grow short and you get less and less sunlight.
Why is it important for African-American women to be aware of the signs of depression?
In the general population, women are twice as likely to be diagnosed with depression than men.
In comparison to their white counterparts, African-Americans are more likely to report major depression than whites.
As a result, African-American women have two factors that automatically increase their risk of experiencing depression: being a women and being African-American.
Despite this, African American women are less likely to seek treatment due to stigmatization within their communities and lead to to neglect their debilitating symptoms.
In the next installment of the Depression Series, I will be discussing the dynamic relationship between discrimination, stigma, and depression.